Fast growing offshore windfarms expect low carbon service operations by support vessels, but supplying and handling biofuels is a challenge and the development of ammonia and hydrogen powered vessels still has a long way to go, according to ship fuel broker and trader LQM Petroleum Services.
It said the global offshore wind industry continues to balloon, adding 6.1 GW capacity in 2019 – and has continued to grow through the COVID-19 pandemic.
In Europe the sector has now reached a scale and size where the operational and contractual complexities are comparable to northern European oil and gas projects. The market is primed for take-off in the Asia Pacific region and significant projects off the U.S. coasts are coming onstream.
It said the pressure is now on the owners and operators of support vessels “who play a critical role in the supply chain is to reduce emissions and ensure vessel reliability for the environmentally sensitive wind farm operators”.
At an LQM webinar held last week on the offshore bunker markets, panellists including a bunker vessel operator, ship agent and bunker trader discussed the challenges of safe ship-to-ship transfers, the future fuel mix and the difficulties facing smaller bunker traders to supply reliable lines of credit to customers.
It discussed ammonia, which along with methanol, hydrogen fuel cells and batteries all have the potential to play their part in the powering of marine engines – but in the short term oil-price volatility could cause headaches for bunker buyers.
LQM Broker James Hoffman said: “Biofuels and LNG are the leading lower carbon choices at the moment. I think the future will be a combination of green-tech and alternative fuels. There’s no definitive silver bullet to this problem, rather more of a silver buckshot.”
Currently biodiesel enables vessel operators to reduce their carbon footprint by 20-30% without the need for engine modifications. However, LQM said the veg-oil derived fuel needs to be stored carefully, is easily contaminated and throws up challenges of lubricity and its flow properties need monitoring.
According to LQM Chief Executive Daniel Rose, the banking industry is “falling out of love with the bunker sector.”
For more information visit www.lqm.com